First grade is an exciting time of transition for your little ones! To help you and your students have the best year ever, we’ve scoured our own WeAreTeachers HELPLINE! and the web for some of the best tips and ideas for teaching first grade. While it by no means covers every possible topic, we hope this list of gems will inspire you, whether you are a brand new teacher or a veteran. And, we’ve organized the list by topic to make it easy to cruise for ideas!
Ideas for First Days:
1. Welcome your students with a big colorful, bulletin board.
Source: Doodlebugs Teaching
Seeing their names up on the wall will help students instantly feel at home, and the bright colors will create a festive mood in the classroom.
2. Introduce yourself creatively.
SOURCE: Good Choices Good Life
If you’re teaching 1st grade, you have the honor of being one of the first teachers a child will meet! Make day one memorable by introducing yourself in a creative way, such as sending postcards over the summer! For 10 creative ideas, click here.
3. Get to know each other with icebreakers.
Get the kids mixing and moving as they get to know one another. Click here for lots of great ideas, including a free download of this fun icebreaker activity.
Ideas to Create your Classroom Community:
4. Start the day with Morning Meeting.
SOURCE: First Grade Fresh
Morning Meeting is an engaging way to connect with your students at the beginning of each day. An objectives and agenda board, along with a morning message, will help your students start off on the right track. For more on morning meetings, check out Responsive Classroom.
5. Establish a culture of kindness.
Print these free, downloadable posters to remind your students that kindness matters most of all.
6. Teach citizenship.
SOURCE: First Grade Wow
Read the story of Johnny Appleseed with your students, then analyze the qualities that make Johnny a good citizen. Help students brainstorm ideas about how they might show these characteristics in the classroom and at home!
7. Teach the difference between reporting and tattling.
SOURCE: Mrs. Warner’s Fourth Grade Classroom
Save yourself a lot of headaches and teach your students the difference. Read Is it Tattling or Telling?
8. Assign jobs.
Give your students ownership of the classroom and teach responsibility by assigning jobs. Remember the saying: Many hands make light work! Here are 25 Flexible, Fun, and Free Classroom Job Charts to choose from.
9. Read stories that build your students’ social-emotional skills.
Learning how to be in school and be a good friend are a huge part of being a first grader. Share stories that will not only teach lessons but start conversations.
10. Use Recite This to create your own inspirational posters.
SOURCE: Recite This
Ready to retire your old classroom posters? Get your creative juices flowing and use Recite This to make a brand new set.
Ideas for Language Arts:
11. Stock up on fun tools to use for guided reading.
SOURCE: Miss Van Maren’s Fantastic First Grade
Learning to read is hard work! Make it as fun as you can with the great ideas found at the blog Guided Reading: A Little Novelty Goes a LONG Way.
12. Encourage critical thinking by giving your students writing prompts.
“I give students questions that take more thought than our simple carpet discussions—questions that they had to apply what they know to answer. It helps them get away from answering without thinking just to be first.” —Heather M.
Here are 37 suggestions from Journal Buddies to get you started.
13. Read them stories every day.
Check out our list of 50 of the Best Books for First Grade. You’ll have a hard time choosing which one to read first!
14. Differentiate reading instruction.
“Read Works is an incredible resource for teaching reading! At least once a week, I use a reading passage and question set in either the ‘guided reading’ or ‘read to someone’ for small group practice. I can easily differentiate because they provide the Lexile levels. I found this resource to be very helpful, especially with non-fiction to integrate science and social studies concepts into Daily 5.” —Kellie P.
15. Have your students create personal word walls.
SOURCE: First Grade Parade
Instead of having one massive class word wall, have students create and post their own personal word walls in your classroom. Your first graders will love showcasing their skills! Check out the First Grade Parade for a free personal word wall template.
16. Travel your way through literature.
SOURCE: Library Patch
Make reading fun with reading passports from Library Patch.
17. Make things interesting with foldables.
SOURCE: Mrs. T’s First Grade Class
Foldables are a great—and easy!—way to make any literacy activity more fun. The one above helps students group words with the same blend.
18. Teach them how to retell a story.
Use this reading comprehension anchor chart (1 of 25) to review stories with your first graders and strengthen their recall skills after reading.
19. Use paint swatches to teach parts of speech.
Color-code parts of speech and sentence components and then have students create silly sentences to tell stories! Students can copy down their sentences and then illustrate them (We love paint swatches as a cool free tool for this).
20. Spell sight words by using magnetic letters on cookie tins.
Source: Make, Take, and Teach
This tip for teaching 1st grade comes from Make, Take, and Teach. It doubles as an excuse upgrade your kitchen pans!
21. Use games to teach blends.
SOURCE: The Measured Mom
Check out these six free, low-prep games for teaching blends.
22. Introduce interactive notebooks.
SOURCE: Teaching with Love & Laughter
“Using interactive notebooks is a great way for children to learn and interact with new information, as well as review and practice skills already introduced. They really took pride in their notebooks and were very proud to share their work with others. Unlike completing worksheets or other printables, which go home right away, these books are always available to the children.” —Lori
Ideas for Math:
23. Keep your math manipulatives organized and easy to access.
“Use labels with words and pictures on bins. We take actual pictures of the materials.” —Amy L.
“I give my kids the things they use the most, like counters and linking cubes, in a Ziploc baggie to keep in their desks. When we need them, I just tell them to take out their math tools. It saves a lot of time passing them out every time they are needed.” —Diane D.
“I put my manipulatives into clear shoeboxes and label them with words and pictures. I have a set of shelves in my back room where the kids can access them.” —Kelly H.
“Save baby wipe tubs and give each student their own set of place value books to keep in the desk.” —Ann M.
24. Keep math journals.
SOURCE: Miss Van Maren’s Fantastic First Grade
Making a chart that connects the numeral, word, and picture for each number will help reinforce number concepts with your little ones. Check out this blog for more great examples of how to use math journals!
25. Differentiate math work by using online resources.
There are tons of online resources for differentiating math work. For a huge list of suggestions, read Best Math Websites for Teaching and Learning Math.
26. Stamp a story problem!
Source: First Grade Schoolbox
Students can visualize abstract numbers with this activity from First Grade Schoolbox. Since students are creating the activity, they can individually differentiate its complexity.
27. Have “Number Talks.”
You can build mental math and computation skills with Number Talks.
“Our students need to be able to explain their thinking on math assessments, so this is a perfect way to get them comfortable with reasoning aloud. They learn to explain clearly and logically. It also helps them to see their errors since you write down the problem exactly the way they explain it. If they can’t see the errors, other students can help clarify. It also gives value to working problems in different ways. As children develop a deeper number sense, they decompose and manipulate numbers in more complex ways.” —Stephanie W.
28. Get to know the hundreds chart with number puzzles.
Source: Mrs. T’s First Grade Class
These easy-to-make games will help students see what one more, ten more, one less, and ten less look like. Get the full tutorial on Mrs. T’s First Grade Class.
Ideas for Science:
29. Create “apple eruptions.”
SOURCE: Growing a Jeweled Rose
Conduct an apple-volcano science experiment. Fun and yum! Click here for step-by-step instructions. For more apple science activities, click here.
30. Get hands-on with science.
Science is the perfect subject for kids to get down and dirty. Read 5 Ways to Get Hands-On With Science on a Budget for inspiration.
31. Use a science journal to teach the seasons.
SOURCE: Today … in First Grade
Students will draw trees in each season, describe what they wear during the different seasons, and journal about what makes winter, spring, summer, and fall different as they fill in this science journal from Today … in First Grade!
32. Look for resources from an old friend.
Check out these awesome lesson plans for science in the kitchen, on the playground, and throughout the day from PBS Kids.
Ideas for Classroom Organization:
(For LOADS of classroom organization tips and tricks, click here.)
33. When it comes to decorating your classroom, less is more.
Anyone teaching 1st grade is going to have the urge to decorate, but check out these HELPLINE! readers’ thoughts on why simplicity rules.
“I have learned to start with a blank slate and let the students ‘decorate’ the classroom through the year with their work.” —Sarah H.
“I made the mistake of covering every wall with decor and then had nowhere for anchor charts!” —Ann M.
“You will see people go overboard with themes. Don’t bother! I saw the cutest classroom where the teacher had bought a pack of plain borders with various colors, and she just alternated the colors on the wall with alternating butcher paper. Go simple.” —Suzanne H.
Read 5 Secrets to Easy and Awesome-Looking Bulletin Boards.
34. Organize your classroom library with colorful bins.
SOURCE: Mrs. Wheeler’s First Grade
Label the bins according to the way you’ve organized your classroom books: by series, genre, author, and so on!
35. Keep paperwork organized with labeled, three-drawer bins.
SOURCE: Learning to Teach
No more messy piles everywhere. Hurrah! For more organization tips, read 10 Teaching Hacks That Make You Go Duh!
36. Create classroom mailboxes for students.
SOURCE: The Teaching Thief
Use mailboxes to return work and have students write and deliver letters to each other! Personalize them to match your classroom decor.
37. Make space-saving seats for your centers.
SOURCE: DIY for Life
These adorable seats can double as buckets for easy materials storage. For a DIY tutorial, read 12 Amazing Ideas for Classrooms.
38. Use “absent folders” to help students catch up when they return to school.
SOURCE: Teaching with Terhune
Partner students at the beginning of the year. When one student is absent, have their partner put work in the Absent Folder for them. When the student returns to school, send the folder home. Total time-saver!
Ideas for Classroom Management:
39. There’s a chart for that.
Be inspired by these 19 Classroom Management Anchor Charts.
40. Use a snappy call-and-response to get their attention.
For 27 fun ideas for quieting a noisy class, click here.
41. Take a brain break with games for every subject.
BrainPOP Junior lets you choose interactive games and activities based on subject and topic, such as science, art and technology, reading and writing, and health.
42. Reduce stress during dismissal.
SOURCE: Heidi Songs
Dismissal time doesn’t have to be chaotic! Check out this blog for some great tips on handling dismissal time.
43. Let students pick their own seats (carefully).
Teaching 1st grade is part of easing kids into the school experience. Let them practice their independence with these tips for letting students choose their seats.
44. Have students use colored sticky notes to communicate their understanding of a concept.
SOURCE: Love, Teach, Inspire
We love this visual aid from Love, Teach, Inspire. Students signal if they’re struggling, stuck, or solid on a concept they’re learning! You can use sticky notes or colored index cards.
45. Stop the pencil-sharpening interruptions!
SOURCE: A Life Homemade
Students can drop their dull pencils in the Sharpen Please tin and take a sharpened pencil from the Ready to Write tin. Add pencil sharpener to your list of classroom jobs, and lessons will never be interrupted by an errant sharpener again! —A Life Homemade
46. Use all the anchor charts.
Here are 22 anchor charts just for first graders!
47. Build relationships with your students’ parents.
Read 11 Teacher-Tested Ways to Make Your Classroom Parents Adore You.
48. Delight your students by dressing the part.
Get on the magic school bus with these Ms. Frizzle-inspired dresses.
49. Set the tone for work time with background music.
From Piano Guys to Afrobeat to The Jingle Punks Hipster Orchestra, you can find a Pandora station for every occasion.
50. Play with your kids!
First graders are hilarious! Don’t forget to have fun with them. Here are 17 old-school recess games you can teach your students.
What are your top tips for teaching 1st grade? Come in share in our WeAreTeachers HELPLINE group on Facebook. WeAreTeachers HELPLINE is a place for teachers to ask and respond to questions on classroom challenges, collaboration and advice.
Grade 1 Reading Comprehension
Use these free. printable worksheets to practice and improve reading comprehension, vocabulary and writing.
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Reading Worksheets - Leveled
These grade 1 reading comprehension worksheets are taken from a series of leveled reading workbooks ranging in difficulty from A to Z, according to the Fountas and Pinnell grading system. The full workbooks are available for download from our bookstore from only $2.49 / book.
More Reading Worksheets
Each fiction passage or poem is followed by four questions. Questions for grade 1 students are focused on recalling information directly from the text. Answers can be given in the space provided or verbally to a parent / tutor. These worksheets are pdf files and can be printed.
A Visit to the Water Park Fiction, 117 words
The New Bicycle Fiction, 67 words
At the Zoo Poem, 64 words
A Cold Bear Fiction, 50 words
A Puzzle a Day Fiction, 103 words
The Thunderstorm Fiction, 76 words
Apples Non-fiction, 100 words
Dessert Time! Fiction, 70 words
How to Tie Your Shoes Non-fiction, 104 words
Kitten's Choice Fiction, 130 words
Mule Thoughts Poem, 40 words
Making Cookies Fiction, 100 words
Monster Learns Rules Fiction, 180 words
Summer Nights Fiction, 120 words
The Puppy and the Kitten Fiction, 81 words
All About Bears Non-fiction, 100 words
The Boat Parade Fiction, 85 words
Peanuts and Popcorn Fiction, 101 words
Shoveling Snow Fiction, 94 words
Sun, Stars and Moon Non-fiction, 120 words
Homework or Video Games Fiction, 88 words
We are Important Non-fiction, 70 words
Historical Reading Worksheets
Each historical passage has themes and language appropriate for beginning readers. Every text is followed by four questions asking the students to recall information that they have just read.
The Sun has Set Fiction, 110 words
My Little Kitty Fiction, 145 words
Time for Everything Poem, 75 words
Seven Little Mice Poem, 60 words
One of Aesop's Fables Fiction, 140 words
Susy Brown Fiction, 100 words
O John! Fiction, 60 words
Here Comes the Band Fiction, 90 words
Here, Ponto Fiction, 80 words
The Bee Fiction, 90 words
Ned and the Apples Fiction 65 words
Snowman Fiction 70 words